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M1.1 Two-channel Reference Power Amplifier

Building upon the advanced knowledge on power capacitor gathered during the developed of the A1.5 amplifier, the power section of the M1 has been improved so much that it led to the introduction of the M1.1 new reference power amplifier.

M1′s original 100’000uF rectifying capacitors have been upgraded with two monstrous 120’000uF models based on the same technology as the A1.5′s acclaimed capacitors. “One small step that has led to a giant leap in musical performance”, according to reviewer Roy Gregory.

The M1′s comfortable power specifications remain, with each watt being more refined than ever.

Of course, every M1 owner can contact their local dealer to get their amplifier upgraded to this next level of performances.

Modularity

The M1.1 power amplifier was developped with modularity in mind. It can be equipped with a single analog input board in case the M1.1 is used for a single channel. This modularity ensures the following operation modes:

  • Single channel mode
  • Passive bi-amplification mode
  • Active bi-amplification mode (requires a second Analog Input Board)
  • Bridge mode
  • Stereo mode (requires a second Analog Input Board)

Changing the M1.1 operating mode has been made easy and can be done on-the-fly from the front panel user interface. Only the available options are permitted depending on the hardware configuration.

Power Supply

The central power supply is taking most of the internal space inside the chassis. The huge 2’200VA transformer is mounted on silent-blocks to drastically reduce vibrations transmission into sensitive parts of the circuitry. It is shielded both with a magnetic and an electrostatic screen. The transformer’s plate is also secured for transportation.

For optimum thermal performances, the output stage diode bridges are mounted on the front panel inside the chassis and are of hyper-fast soft-recovery type.

The filtering capacitors are custom-made huge capacity (2x 120’000uF), ultra-low ESR/ESL (equivalent series resistance/inductance) models, which ensures that power amplifier’s voltage rails remain almost constant.

Analog stages

All analog stages inside the M1.1 are built only with discrete components, no operational amplifier has been used into these sections. This deliberate choice warranties the shortest audio signal path and allows the use of custom-made building blocks.

No capacitors have been used in the signal path, nor any output relay to ensure maximum transparency.

Gain

A gain range of 24dB – in 0.5dB steps – is embedded in each channel, for a perfect match with the loudspeakers’ sensitivity and room size. A lower gain is typically preferred for high-sensitivity speakers into a small room while a bigger gain is sometimes needed for large room with low-sensitivity loudspeakers.

This gain adjustment can also be useful with multi-amplified loudspeakers to adjust the level of the various drivers independently.

Output stage feedback

Unlike all other CH Precision’s analog stages, the M1.1′s output stage can be configured to have some global feedback. The global versus local feedback ratio is adjustable on-the-fly from the front panel user interface, only a few relays are switched during this operation. Ranging from 0% – local feedback only – to 100% – global feedback only, in 10% steps.

Independent feedback ratios can be set in bi-amplification modes.

Output stage bias

In order to keep the output stage distortion constant over time, the output stage’s bias must be kept as constant as possible. The bias is highly dependent on the output stage internal temperature – the transistor die – which can be known thanks to ThermalTrak devices from OnSemiconductor.

A very special circuit was built around the output stage which is taking into account both the temperatures of the heatsink and the transistors’ dies. It allows the amplifier’s output stage to keep its bias constant independently of the musical program and the room temperature.

In term of performances, the M1.1 class-AB design is outperforming a pure class-A design with usual bias compensation. This schematic is patent-pending.

Protections

Each channel’s output signal is permanently monitored – both in voltage and current – processed by a DSP, which computes in real-time the effective channel’s output power.

If an abnormal situation arises, the amplifier is immediately turned off to protect the connected loudspeakers. No output relay have been used into this amplifier, its symmetrical structure allows a smooth turn-on and turn-off of the power supply without noticeable noise.

Options boards:

Monaural analog input buffer board

analogmono

Three analog inputs – XLR, RCA and BNC – are provided on a single board. A pass-through XLR male connector allows a direct connection to another M1 amplifier. Can be factory ordered for Left or Right channel.

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Product Description

Specifications:

Analog inputs

Inputs type Balanced (XLR), one connector per board
Single-Ended (RCA & BNC), one connector per board
Input impedance Balanced: 94kΩ
Single-Ended: 47kΩ or 300Ω
Input stage JFET input stage
Ultra-low noise, discrete fully differential stage
24dB range adjustable gain in 0.5dB steps

Amplification

Amplification stage Ultra-low noise full discrete class AB design
6 pairs of complementary output transistors
Output power 2x 200W / 8Ω, 2x 350W / 4Ω, 2x 600W / 2Ω in stereo and bi-amp modes
1x 350W / 4Ω, 1x 600W / 2Ω, 1x 1100W / 1Ω in monaural mode
1x 700W / 8Ω, 1x 1200W / 4Ω, 1x 1600W / 2Ω in bridge mode
Bias Patent-pending bias circuitry for constant bias operation
Feedback User-adjustable local vs. global feedback ratio, from 0% to 100% in 10% steps
Bandwidth DC to 450kHz (-3dB) at 1W into an 8Ω resistive load
Signal to Noise Ratio Better than 115dB in stereo and bi-amp modes
Better than 118dB in bridge mode
Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise Less than 0.1% with 0% global feedback
Less than 0.01% with 100% global feedback

Analog outputs

Binding posts Two pairs of customized Argento binding posts for loudspeakers connection
Monitoring Non-intrusive DSP-based protection of the amplifier and connected loudspeakers
Instantaneous voltage & current values are permanently monitored on each channel
Protections Short-circuit protected
Disconnected loudspeaker detected
Over-temperature of the heatsink
Over-temperature of the output transistors

Power supply

Transformer 2’200VA toroidal transformer for output stages, oversized for low-noise operation
100VA separate toroidal transformer for input stages
Power capacitors 2x 120’000uF/100V ultra-low ESR/ESL capacitors
Regulators Non-regulated symmetrical power supply for the power stages
Eight local regulation stages for input/driver stages
Seven local regulation stages for the logic/display

General

Display 480×272 pixels, 24bits color, AMOLED
Mains operation Selectable 100V, 115, 230V AC, 47-63Hz
Fuses value and location Standby fuse (white holder): 250mA T (230V AC), 500mA T (100V AC, 115V AC)
Audio (mid power) fuse (black holder): 1.6A T (230V AC), 3.15A T (100V AC, 115V AC)
Power fuse (IEC20 holder): 16A T (230V AC), 32A T (100V AC, 115V AC)
Power supply consumption <1W (standby), 2200W max in operation
Dimensions/Weight 440 x 440 x 266mm (W x D x H), 75kg
Remote control Ethernet based system control via the Android CH Control App